Most people associate Wing Chun forms with elaborate techniques, moves, and stances in styles such as Shaolin Kung Fu or Wushu. Wing Chun has six variations: the three empty-hand forms, the two Wing Chun weapon forms, and the one form for techniques on the wooden dummy are available. Another is Wing Chun’s three empty-hand forms use different stances and techniques. Also, one Wing Chun form contains basic techniques and one perspective for structure building. Then one form includes pivoting views and movement techniques. The final empty-hand form includes techniques and stances for non-traditional recovery-based applications.
The Mook Yan Jong and the two weapon forms are the other three Wing Chun forms. The Dragon Pole form, the Luk Dim Boon Kwan, and the Baat Cham Do. The Siu Nim Tao, Chum Kiu, and BilJee are the three empty-hand forms of Wing Chun. Different techniques and stances are used in these empty-hand forms to develop various skills. To summarize the three empty-hand forms of Wing Chun, Siu Nim Tau creates structure, Chum Kiu teaches you how to move while maintaining a system, and BilJee teaches you how to think outside the box.
The first Wing Chun taught students is Siu Nim Tau (Sil Lim Tau), which translates as “Little Idea.” It is both a beginner’s and a master’s form. Differ from the other two empty-hand forms, Siu Nim Tau is entirely stationary. Siu Nim Tau has two primary goals: cultivating structure and expanding one’s awareness. Siu Nim Tau’s fixed nature allows the practitioner to strengthen their connection—their root—to the earth. Chum Kiu, a term that translates to “Seeking the Bridge,” is the second empty-hand form of Wing Chun that incorporates movement into the meditation. The practitioner is no longer in a fixed position. Chum Kiu is when we start learning how to move with the structure developed from Siu Nim Tau, this is why it is “seeking the bridge.” Unlike Siu Nim Tau’s translation—of “The Little Idea,” Chum Kiu’s translation is much more evident in what it means to be: “seeking the bridge,” find a bridge, connect to it, maintain your root.The third empty-hand form is BilJee, which translates to the term “Thrusting Fingers,” which is unconventional. Some people may find the concept of “thrusting fingers” strange. BilJee, like Chum Kiu, is a mobile form. On the other hand, BilJee has more significant, un-Wing Chun-like movements. Simply put, the purpose of BilJee is that there are times when you have no other choice but to go beyond the realms of traditional Wing Chun to defend yourself. But that doesn’t mean we can’t continue to practice Wing Chun.
Wing Chun also has three weapon forms, the first of which is Mook Jong. The Wooden Dummy is a type of Wing Chun in and of itself. It is our go-to partner for solo training, and we regard it as equally valuable as Siu Nim Tau. The Luk Dim Boon Kwan comes next. The Dragon Pole is all about keeping an opponent at a safe distance with precise thrusts and footwork. It also increases strength, inch power, and structure. It is our most durable fighting tool. The last form is the Baat Cham Do, which is from the principle of a weapon being an extension of the body. Butterfly swords teach evasive footwork, double weapon handling, and wrist strengthening.